coagulate


coagulate
coagulate, congeal, set, curdle, clot, jelly, jell are comparable when meaning to form or cause to form a stiff mass that is solid or at least cohesive.
Coagulate implies a thickening or solidification of a liquid and usually the making insoluble (as by chemical reaction) of something that was soluble
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fresh blood exposed to air rapidly coagulates

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heat coagulates the white of egg

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water- borne impurities which coagulate when aluminum sulfate is added can be removed by filtration

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Congeal specifically implies a thickening or solidification by means of cold; the mass thus affected may dissolve or become liquid when the temperature rises again
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freezing temperatures have congealed the surface waters of the river

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here no hungry winter congeals our blood— Longfellow

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Set (see also SET) carries no implication of how the stiffening, or making solid or viscid, occurs but only of the nature of the effect
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rennet may be used in setting milk for cheese

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give the jelly time to set before adding a paraffin cover

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Curdle basically implies the coagulation of milk (as through souring or the addition of rennet) into a soft but solid part (the curd) from which cheese is made, and the separation of this part from the watery part (the whey); in more general use the term connotes a thickening and sometimes a souring
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Mark Twain was expressing his true opinions, the opinions of the cynic he had become owing to . . . the constant curdling as it were of the poet in him— Brooks

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envy soon curdles into hate— Froude

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Clot implies the coagulation or congealing of a liquid into lumps or masses or, less often, the gathering of something light and diffuse into hard accumulations or lumps
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the blood not yet had clotted on his wound— Southey

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clotted cream

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the bed becomes uneasy by the feathers clotting together into hard knobs— Tucker

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Jelly specifically implies the setting during cooling of a cooked liquid (as broth or juice of meats) containing gelatin from animal tissue or one (as fruit juice and sugar) containing the pectin of acid fruits
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the jellied juice of the veal roast

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jellies and marmalades jelly readily if pectin is added to the boiling juice

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Jell is basically identical to jelly
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the jelly won't jellAlcott

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but unlike the latter it is often used especially in negative constructions to imply the state when nonmaterial things (as ideas or plans) attain fixity or cohesiveness
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public opinion has not yet jelled on this question

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his ideas for the story would not jell, no matter how much he kept turning them over in his mind

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Analogous words: solidffy, *harden: cohere, *stick: coalesce, fuse, blend (see MIX): concentrate, consolidate, *compact

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Coagulate — Co*ag u*late, a. [L. coagulatus, p. p. of coagulare to coagulate, fr. coagulum means of coagulation, fr. cogere, coactum, to drive together, coagulate. See {Cogent}.] Coagulated. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Coagulate — Co*ag u*late, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Coagulated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Coagulating}.] To cause (a liquid) to change into a curdlike or semisolid state, not by evaporation but by some kind of chemical reaction; to curdle; as, rennet coagulates milk;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Coagulate — Co*ag u*late, v. i. To undergo coagulation. Boyle. Syn: To thicken; concrete; curdle; clot; congeal. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • coagulate — index bond (hold together), cement, cohere (adhere), coherent (joined), crystallize Burton …   Law dictionary

  • coagulate — early 15c., from L. coagulatus, pp. of coagulare to cause to curdle, from cogere to curdle, collect (see COGENT (Cf. cogent)). Earlier coagule, c.1400, from M.Fr. coaguler. Related: Coagulated; coagulating …   Etymology dictionary

  • coagulate — [v] clot clabber, coalesce, compact, concentrate, concrete, condense, congeal, consolidate, curdle, dry, gel, gelate, gelatinize, glop up*, harden, inspissate, jell, jellify, jelly, lopper*, set, solidify, thicken; concept 469 Ant. dilute,… …   New thesaurus

  • coagulate — ► VERB ▪ (of a fluid, especially blood) change to a solid or semi solid state. DERIVATIVES coagulable adjective coagulation noun coagulator noun. ORIGIN Latin coagulare curdle …   English terms dictionary

  • coagulate — [kō ag′yo͞olāt΄] vt. coagulated, coagulating [ME coagulaten < L coagulatus, pp. of coagulare, to cause to curdle < coagulum: see COAGULUM] to cause (a liquid) to become a soft, semisolid mass; curdle; clot vi. to become coagulated… …   English World dictionary

  • coagulate — 1. To convert a fluid or a substance in solution into a solid or gel. 2. To clot; to curdle; to change from a liquid to a solid or gel. [L. coagulo, pp. atus, to curdle] * * * co·ag·u·late kō ag yə .lāt vb, lat·ed; lat·ing …   Medical dictionary

  • coagulate — UK [kəʊˈæɡjʊleɪt] / US [koʊˈæɡjəˌleɪt] verb [intransitive] Word forms coagulate : present tense I/you/we/they coagulate he/she/it coagulates present participle coagulating past tense coagulated past participle coagulated if a liquid coagulates,… …   English dictionary


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